Wildlife Diseases

Potential wildlife diseases are an important consideration when dealing with wildlife on your property. These diseases can have a huge effect on your health, as well as the health of your family members, pets, customers, or any other individuals who come in contact with your home or building. Additionally, many emerging infectious diseases among humans first stem from animal hosts. Because of this, it’s important that you manage potential wildlife diseases to protect your property.

Common Wildlife Diseases

RabiesFeral Raccoon

Fatal once symptoms are displayed, this disease is a big concern for those that come in contact with mammals and the animals they care for. Rabies can change the demeanor of even the friendliest pet. Attacking the spinal system and brain,  rabies causes inflammation until death occurs. It is transferred through saliva, usually when an infected animal bites another. Although there are vaccines to prevent rabies, one should still stay wary of all wild animals, especially ones acting strangely, because rabies causes hostility. If you believe there is a rabid animal in your yard, call your Wildlife X Team to safely remove it.

Canine Distemper

Although called Canine Distemper, this highly contagious disease affects more than just dogs. It can infect raccoons, skunks, foxes, coyotes, and animals in the family Mustelidae (ie. weasels, badgers, otters, etc.). There is a phase during the virus which creates symptoms similar to rabies. This makes diagnosis more difficult. Although the fatality rate of Canine Distemper is less than rabies, surviving animals usually develop irreversible neurological damage. Distemper spreads through saliva like rabies but is also carried through urine, feces, and especially respiratory secretions.


Mange is a serious health issue affecting domestic and wildlife animals. The most common, Sarcoptic Mange, is caused by mites burrowing into the outer layer of the skin. When this happens, animals infected begin to lose hair/fur, develop thicker, wrinkling skin, and grow foul-smelling scabs. Transmission occurs when animals come in direct contact with a mite-infested creature. The disease is zoonotic, meaning it is transmittable to humans. In order for you or your animals to avoid developing mange, do not come in close contact with wild animals.


Salmonellosis is caused by the bacteria Salmonella. While it is commonly spread through the consumption of contaminated food, Salmonella can also be passed between people and animals. Many animals can carry Salmonella, including:

Animals can get Salmonella by eating contaminated food and through their environment. It naturally lives in the intestines of many animals. Many animals that carry Salmonella appear clean and healthy to humans.

If humans come into contact with an animal carrying the bacteria and they don’t wash their hands, they can contract Salmonellosis. Infants, kids under the age of 5, adults 65 years old and older, and those with weakened immune systems are more likely to contract Salmonellosis.


Tularemia is a disease that can infect both animals and people. Humans can get infected with tularemia by drinking contaminated water, having skin contact with an infected animal, and through tick and deer fly bites.

Symptoms of Tularemia include skin ulcers, irritated or swollen eyes, sore throat, mouth ulcers, swollen lymph glands, difficulty breathing, chest pain, and cough.

To prevent Tularemia, use insect repellent when you’re outside, and call Wildlife X Team to handle any dead animals.

Raccoon Roundworm

Raccoon Roundworm, or Baylisascaris Pro, is a large roundworm found in raccoons. Other animals that have been diagnosed with Raccoon Roundworm include mice, squirrels, birds, rabbits, chipmunks, and woodchucks.

Humans can contract Raccoon Roundworm by ingesting the embryonated eggs. The symptoms of Raccoon Roundworm in humans includes skin irritation, eye tissues damage, and brain tissue damage. The infected person may experience nausea, lethargy, and loss of eyesight.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is transmitted to humans through blacklegged ticks. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, and a skin rash. If Lyme Disease is not treated, it can spread through the body to the heart, nervous system, and joints.

Reducing tick habitat is one of the best ways to prevent Lyme disease. Keep grasses cut short and inspect your pets and family members after a day in the woods or outdoors. The Wildlife X Team can also assist in making a plan to prevent ticks in your yard. Contact us to learn more. 


Histoplasmosis is a disease that is contracted by breathing in spores from bat guano or other bird species. If you have a weak immune system, you are more likely to contract histoplasmosis. Household pets are also able to contract the disease. Signs of histoplasmosis include fatigue, cough, fever, headache, chest pain, chills, and body aches. The symptoms are similar to the flu. 

Avian Influenza

The virus for avian influenza occurs naturally in wild birds. There two strains of the virus are low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) and high pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). The virus is transmitted through contact with an infected animal or surfaces contaminated with the fecal matter or other bodily fluids of the infected animal. 

There are a few strains of avian flu that can be transmitted to humans. It's important to avoid direct contact with sick or dead birds, and avoid and surfaces with bird feces. 


Babesiosis is a zoonotic disease spread through certain ticks. If you have wildilfe in your home that have brought ticks in, or you are out in your yard around ticks, you could come into contact with babesiosis. It is most common in the Northeast and upper Midwest in the United States. Diseases from ticks can be spread to your family if there is wildlife living in your home, so it's important to keep up with wildlife prevention methods. 


Hantavirus is a respitory disease spread through particles in dry rodent urine or through rodent droppings. Signs of hantavirus include fever, headache, chills, muscle aches, and dizziness. To avoid contracting hantavirus, it's important to clean rodent infestations according to the CDC's guidelines

Avoiding Wildlife Diseases

It’s important to be aware of which zoonotic diseases are common in your area. Research vaccinations available for you and your pets to prevent transmission. If you do come into contact with wild animals or their excrement, ensure you properly sanitize. Call your health care provider if you have any questions regarding your health and wildlife diseases. 

Wildlife X Team can help balance the concern for these diseases with consideration for animal welfare and conservation. We can handle your pest and wildlife issues in a healthy, safe, and humane way, ensuring your property is disease and infection-free. For more information on diseases, visit the CDC's page on Wildlife Handling.

To prevent or remove wildlife in your home or yard, call the experts at Wildlife X Team! We are here to help ensure your family stays safe from wildlife diseases. Contact us today. 

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  • If you have raccoons in your attic, garage, or other areas of your home, call Wildlife X Team® at (817) 431-3007 today! Wildlife X Team are experts in raccoon removal and exclusion services.
  • Squirrel problems are rampant nationally. Squirrels can cause extensive damage in and around homes, including soiling floors and walls. Squirrels don't stand a chance against Wildlife X Team®'s trained professional staff.
  • Rodent problems are common for homeowners, but Wildlife X Team® can help you prevent rodents from getting in your walls or your attic. Keep rodents out of your home by calling today!
  • Removing and relocating bats is best left to professionals, as bats will bite and scratch if threatened. If you see signs of bats on your property or want to know how to get rid of bats from your attic and chimney, please call Wildlife X Team® at (817) 431-3007.
  • Although armadillos have no reason to get into houses, there is a lot of damage armadillos can cause. Their diet consists mostly of grubs and insects, but when they burrow, it can affect the very structure of buildings. Call Wildlife X Team® today!
  • Whether you are facing a snake infestation on your property or just notice a single snake, call (817) 431-3007 at Wildlife X Team® today. Most snakes are harmless, some are venomous, and we can remove all kinds of snakes safely and quickly.
  • Birds can add a lot of enjoyment to the outdoor experience, but sometimes they cause trouble. If you're having an issue with problem birds like pigeons, starlings, or sparrows, give Wildlife X Team® a call at (817) 431-3007.
  • At Wildlife X Team®, we offer worry-free opossum removal and trapping. We can also repair any opossum damage.
  • Infamous for their defense mechanism, skunks are smelly creatures. This unique critter releases a scent to ward off predators and stay safe, and it smells offensive and can be dangerous.
  • Coyotes, a relative of the canine, are known for terrorizing livestock, and even household pets. Coyotes are often active at night, and homeowners often report the howling cries of these medium-sized creatures.
  • Badgers are notorious for having a bite that rivals their bark — despite their less-than-formidable size! Badgers have been known to fight animals as large as a bear!
  • Beaver damage is primarily to landscapes like riverbeds and lakesides. If you discover beaver damage in your property, call Wildlife X Team® at (817) 431-3007 to help relocate beavers and repair any damages caused by these flat-tailed critters.
  • Nocturnal creatures, bobcats will take down any prey necessary, especially livestock. Bobcats are territorial and will often return to the property they have claimed as their own, especially if there is a steady food source.
  • Chipmunks can be annoying and clever creatures, but they're no match for Wildlife X Team®. We offer chipmunk removal, and chipmunk damage repair services, plus we know how to keep chipmunks from coming back!
  • Fox landscape damage and feeding behaviors can affect homeowners' safety, so it's important to not approach a fox if you see one in the wild or on your property. Wildlife X Team® offers fox removal, fox trapping, and fox prevention. Call today!
  • Lizards, similar in appearance to snakes, can be frightening if you spot one in the wild or in your home, and although they don't typically attack residents, it's still good to not approach lizards.
  • Mole damage is most commonly found on landscapes, and sometimes humans don't even come into contact with them, but they definitely experience mole damage.
  • If you have discovered scorpion(s) in your garden or on your property, call us today for scorpion removal services.
  • Voles are not often spotted by humans, but vole damage is visible. For vole trapping, vole removal, and vole damage repair services, call Wildlife X Team® today!
  • Infestations of bugs are common, so if you are facing an insect infestation, don't panic—we can help kill insects and get rid of them inside and outside your home.
  • Wild hog trapping and wild hog prevention are the most effective means of wild hog removal. Due to the aggressive nature of wild hogs, we do not recommend DIY wild hog trapping.
  • Termite infestations are common inside homes and on properties, so if you are dealing with insects, call Wildlife X Team® at (817) 431-3007 today to get rid of your termite problem fast and effectively!
  • Bee and wasp infestations are common, so if you are facing a stinging insect infestation, don't panic — we can help get rid of them inside and outside your home.
Wildlife X Team is rapidly becoming the leader in the nuisance wildlife control industry. We lead the way in the development of technology, education, products and services in Wildlife Management.
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